Football: There is not any doubt that football is the most popular sport all over the world. Different sports are popular in different parts of the world. It would not be wrong to say that in every corner of the world. Some people love football and know about it. Since it only requires a ball to play even if you are not in the most developed country. It is easy to play and fun. . In mainly in North America, they say soccer inside of football.
History of Football
We have dated the earliest form of football to be in the second and third century BC. In China as ‘Cuju”. There were different versions of the game depending on different countries. Moving from China to Japan, Greece, America, Australia, and Turkey. The first detailed description of the football with almost all the rules as of now was played in about 1174-1183. The rule to be followed in the game was made by William FitzStephen. Because of the influence and expansion of the British the game started spreading everywhere and got popular. For the first time, a football league was established in England in the 1980s. When it came to the 20th century, there were various kinds of football. That grew to become one of the most popular team sports in the world.
Football has come a long way as they attempted it to ban. They banned women from playing football in 1921 which was only lifted later in the 1970s. Even now there are some places in the world where females face problems playing football. However, since the early times, it has improved a lot and gained so much popularity, and made advancements. There are globally recognized tournaments such as Euro championships, Copa America, English Premier League, La Liga, Serie A, and Bundesliga.
Now that we have learned about the history and its evolution, let us get into the rules of football.
The field in which football played is around 130 yards long and 90 yards wide. At each end of the field, 100 yards apart there are goal lines. There are also goal posts on each side and the ball must go into the post to score a goal. If the ball passes the line of the goalpost, we consider it a goal. There a line in the middle of the field and at the center of the midline a circle from where the play started in the game before the two halves. If a player touches the outside of the line with football in his/her possession, we considered it out of bounds and given it to the opponents. The goal post is 8 feet high and 8 yards wide.
Football Game Format
It is a timed sport and to win a team has to score more goals than the opponent in a 90-minute playing time frame. The game split into two halves of 45 minutes and there is a 15 minute rest time in the half. Later, after 90 minutes, some more minutes can add if deemed to be fit by the referee.
Number of players and equipment
The game played by 11 players each on 2 teams. There is one goalkeeper who protects the goal post and there are ten outfield players. The equipment needed for the game is a pitch and a football. Additionally, the players wear studded football boots, shin pads, and matching strips. Similarly, the goalkeeper wears padded gloves, as they may touch the ball with their hands.
Scoring and winning
To score the ball you must get the whole ball over the goalpost line and inside the post. You can score the goal with any part of your body apart from your hand or arm up to the shoulder.
To win you must score more goals than your opponent. If both teams do not score any goal during the 90 minutes then there will be a penalty where players are allowed to shoot freely within the 18-yard box. The opponent team's goalkeeper will be there to protect the post and the team with the most goals will win the game.
Besides all the above basic rules is another important rule which is offside. It is when an attacking player is in front of the last defender or opponent when a pass is played to them. This rule has been made to restrict players from clinging to the opponent's post waiting for a pass. If a player is ahead of the opponent on the other side of a post. And scores a goal, it is considered offside and the goal won’t be awarded. And in this rule, the goalkeeper is not counted as the last defender.
Above are the basic rules of the game which will help you get started or know better about the game. However, besides these, there are numerous rules of the game which include very small details. That you will get to know if you start playing professional football. Or if you are curious about it, you can find more about it through Wikipedia or other places as well.
Recently there is going on Euro 2020. Do check our blog on that also: European Football Championship