What is Diabetes? Its Growing Patients & Proper Diet

  • blog
  • 11th Jun, 2021

Ever wondered where does your body gets energy from? Well, the answer is simple, through glucose or sugar present in your blood. The pancreas, an organ located in the abdomen, is responsible for producing a hormone called insulin. The main function of insulin is to help transfer glucose. Present in your food, into your cells which eventually generates energy into your body.
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the amount of sugar or glucose present in your blood is excessively high. This phenomenon occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin and blood sugar doesn’t reach into your cells. The situation becomes worse over the span of time. When the sugar level present in your body reaches a critical level. It causes heart disease and various other problems requiring patients to use medicines all their life. At present, there are many people suffering from this.

What are the different types of diabetes?

The most common types are:

Type 1 Diabetes

They are also called juvenile diabetes. Type 1 occurs when your body does not make insulin. Thus it is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. People with type-1 infection need to take insulin every day to stay alive. This diabetes appears mostly during childhood or adolescence, although people of any age can be affected.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body fails to use the insulin properly causing unwanted sugar. To circulate in your bloodstream. Middle-aged and older people are affected mostly by type 2. However, a recent study shows, it is widely common among children and young people too. It is the most common type 1.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is most common in women who are pregnant. However, not all pregnant women face this problem. After delivery, this type of diabetes tends to go away. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes at any point in your life. You are prone to getting type 2 diabetes later in the future. Sometimes diabetes detected during pregnancy stays as type 2 diabetes for the rest of the life.

Vital Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) includes:

  1. Getting thirsty frequently.
  2. Grumpiness and sudden mood swings.
  3. Unwanted frequent urination.
  4. Uttermost hunger.
  5. Drastic weight loss resulting in weakness.
  6. Fatigue and numbness

Type 1 Vs. Type 2

The Type 1 develops rapidly showing various symptoms, in a matter of weeks. However, it develops gradually over the course of several years with no major symptoms. So, people tend to ignore it most of the time. They face challenging health problems relating to dizziness, blurry eyes, etc.

What causes type 1 Diabetes?

When the immune system attacks the pancreas, it results in less production of hormone-like insulin. This causes an excess amount of sugar in our bloodstream resulting. According to scientists, type 1 is caused mainly by genes and environmental factors like viruses.

What causes type 2 Diabetes?

Insufficient production of insulin or improper use of insulin by our body causes type 2. There are various factors causing type 2– which is the most common among people of all ages. Some of the factors include genes, unhealthy lifestyle, unhealthy foods, etc. These common in physically inactive and overweight people.

Genes & Family History

Diabetes is a genetic disease. It is most likely to transfer from one generation to another. If your parents or grandparents have then you can get it genetically even if you maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Major Health Problems caused by Diabetes:

Diabetes test
  1. Major heart disease
  2. stroke
  3. kidney failure
  4. blurry vision
  5. dental disease
  6. nerve damage or failure
  7. foot problems
  8. sudden weight gain

Popular Diet & Foods to Avoid Diabetes

1. Vegetables

• Popular vegetables include potatoes, corn, green peas, carrots, broccoli, leafy vegetables, etc.

2. Fruits

• Healthiest and protein-rich fruits
• Oranges, melons, berries, apples, bananas, and grapes are good for diabetic people.

3. Grains

• Whole grains are very good for healthy life and to avoid it.
• Some examples include wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, quinoa, brown bread, pasta, cereal, tortillas, etc.

4. Protein
Protein food
  1. Foods rich in protein are especially medicine.
  2. Some of the protein-rich foods include lean meat, chicken, or turkey excluding the skin.
  3. Fish, eggs
  4. Peas and beans (dried)
  5. Nuts and peanuts,
  6. Tofu
5. Healthy dairy products (no fat or low fat)
  1. Fat-less yogurt
  2. Cheese
  3. Lactose-free milk

Dangerous Foods for Diabetic Patients

  1. Fat-rich sugary beverages. Sugary beverages are poison for diabetic patients.
  2. White bread.
  3. Regular consumption of rice and pasta.
  4. Yogurt.
  5. Sweetened breakfast cereals.
  6. Coffee drinks with sweetened flavor
  7. Honey, maple syrup.
  8. Dried fruit.
  9. Almost all fast foods
  10. Junk foods like burgers, sandwiches, spicy foods.